In the whole world, the main concern of the workers has been to attain the job security.
Employers would rather have the open hand to sack workers in case of necessity to save the costs. But after decades of struggle, the workers in most part of the world eventually relatively succeeded in ensuring their job security by ratifying labor laws.
— tahereh (@tahereh46161686) April 19, 2018
In the Labor Law before Khomeini grasping the power, workers enjoyed a least level of occupational safety. Khomeini abolished the law, and after his death, the regime was forced to ratify the labor laws in 1980. The labor law on work safety is defined in Article 20 of the Labor Code. If the employer dismisses a worker without a valid excuse, he must pay him “for each year of the worker’s time of employment, 45 days of the last wage”. For example, if a worker receives a salary of 2 million Tomans per month and worked for 18 years at the workshop, the employer must pay 54 million Tomans to the worker. This is a guarantee for workers’ job security, but so far this has remained only on paper. Practically, the regime prepared the means to dodge the law.
Why do not workers in Iran enjoy job security?
In the structure of the power in the mullah’s regime, the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps has the largest and the most significant share in the state’s economy. It includes a vast field of investment (from oil and petrochemicals industries to building dams and harbors and the production of weapons and ammunition).
Also, the financial institutions are under control of the supreme leader, the government and various bodies affiliated to the government that own headquarters and great companies. In addition to the windfall wealth that these entities receive by plundering the people’s money, more than 60% of the annual national budget is disbursed to them, but they are not accountable to anyone.”A large part of the economy is at the disposal of the state, the rulers, the subcontracting, non-respondent, uncontrolled companies and the trance-state firms…” (Jahane Sanat Newspaper, January 27, 2016)
For example: “The National Oil Company does not have an approved statutory statute after the 1978 revolution.
All the governments that took the office after the 1979 Revolution were obliged to submit the bill of the statutes of the National Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Company, but they did not provide it.” (Resalat newspaper affiliated to the Ali Khamenei’s faction, February 17, 2016)
Since the onset of adoption of the Labor Code in January, 1990, a large number of workers were not covered by the Labor Code and temporary employment contracts were signed with them. According to the note to the article 126 of the Labor Code, “The period of validity of a work license is for three months, maximum,” which means, the worker whose contract is valid for three months must renew the contract after the expiry date. In this case, the workers are not subject to the Labor Code, and even if they work in the same workshop for 20 years, they will not receive any concessions when dismissed.
Excluding workers from the Labor Code
Mohammad Khatami, the ex-president of the mullahs’ regime, took the most important anti-labor step towards excluding the workers from the coverage by the Labor Code. Under the pretext of organizing the economy, he began to dismiss workers from Labor Code coverage and made them temporary or contract workers. These anti-Labors measures continue to be executed till now. Ali Beigi, chairman of the so-called “Supreme Centre of Islamic Councils”, acknowledged that 93 percent of Iran’s workers were contracted outside the coverage of labor code.
Intermediary Contractors between Workers and Employers:
One of the most aberrant phenomena that have come about in Iran is the contractors who are intermediaries between the workers and the employers. Employers such as the Revolutionary Guards and regime leaders who have manufacturing institutions are reluctant to contract directly with the workers. They have set up contractors as intermediaries between manufacturing companies and workers. These contractors assign everything for sake of the employers. They often make workers to sign white papers to be used against the workers in the case. Workers are obliged to work with these contracts with much lower salaries than usual, this is a type of slavery established by the clerical regime.
The Unemployed army
Because of the predatory economic policies of the mullah’s regime, production units slump day after day. Over the past year, more than 1,000 units were closed. The regime’s policies have led to the elimination of job opportunities and the destruction of production units and the expulsion of workers from workplaces. While according to the statistics of the regime, from one million to one million and two hundred thousand new workforces enter the labor market annually.
In such an economic structure that the regime seeks to preserve it, the only thing that loses its value on a daily basis is the workforce. The workers are subject to dismissal and losing their jobs. So, trying not to be fired, the workers withstand the least wage, which hardly sufficient the livelihood, and even bear long-time wage arrears and suffer the deprivation of the insurance benefit rights.
Despite enduring all the pressures and dire straits, yet the likelihood of redundancy is hanging over the head of the workforces in Iran, like the sword of Damocles. Workers have no job security because of a corrupt ruling system.