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Herald Middle East

The Yemen War: Who Started It And Is It Going To End Soon?

Maybe I should start this article by giving a personal account of how the crisis in Yemen came to be. Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, running unopposed as the only candidate for president, won the 2012 Yemeni elections. The Houthis, a Zaidi Shia movement and militant group backed by Iran, took control of the Yemeni government through a series of actions in 2014 and 2015. Saudi Arabia and other countries denounced this as an unconstitutional coup d’état.

In military operations on the ground, the Houthis were supported by sections of the Yemeni armed forces loyal to former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, who was removed from power as part of the 2011 Arab Spring uprisings. Houthi leaders claimed that Saudi Arabia was trying to break the alliance between the Houthis and Saleh’s supporters; reports claimed that Saleh’s son Ahmed Ali Saleh had traveled to the Saudi capital to attempt to broker a deal to end the airstrikes. Saudi media claim that Saleh or his son had approached Riyadh seeking such a deal.

During the Houthis’ southern offensive, Saudi Arabia began a military buildup on its border with Yemen. In response, a Houthi commander boasted that his troops would counterattack against any Saudi aggression and would not stop until they had taken Riyadh, the Saudi capital.

On 25 March, Hadi called on the UN Security Council to authorize “willing countries that wish to help Yemen to provide immediate support for the legitimate authority by all means and measures to protect Yemen and deter the Houthi aggression”.

In 2015, Saudi Arabia formed a coalition of Arab states to defeat the Houthis in Yemen. The coalition includes Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Egypt, Morocco, Jordan, Sudan and Senegal. Several of these countries have sent troops to fight on the ground in Yemen, while others have only carried out air attacks.

Saudi Arabia shares a long, porous border with Yemen, and it fears what it sees as Iranian expansionism through its support for Shia armed groups. Commentators in the Iranian media and it’s allies often claim that Iran now controls four Arab capitals: Baghdad, Damascus, Beirut, and Sanaa.

In Syria, rebels are fighting against Bashar al-Assad’s government, which is supported by Iran in it’s ethnic cleansing campaign. Lebanon is another arena of conflict: Iran sponsors Hezbollah, the Shia militia and political movement, while Saudi Arabia supports the predominantly Sunni Future Movement.

Tensions between Saudi Arabia and Iran were ratcheted up even further a while back when Saudi Arabia executed Shia Muslim leader Nimr al-Nimr for his violent crimes against his fellow Saudis.

Iranian Regime still executing promising young people for trivial reasons!

In retaliation, Iranian protesters attacked the Saudi embassy in Tehran which constitutes an act of war according to the diplomatic norms around the world.

Still, it took a missile fired at its capital from Yemen for Saudi Arabia to confirm this as an “act of war” by Iran, in the sharpest escalation in nearly three decades of mounting hostility between the two regional rivals. American lawyer and human rights activist, Sarah Leah who shared her sentiment had this to say:  @sarahleah1 ‘’ Reminding all that deliberate #Houthi strikes on #Saudi population centers are war crimes. Today’s strikes no exception.’’

The rest of the world has joined in support of liberal minds to condemn the missile attack on Riyadh. @statedeptspox tweeted “The United States strongly condemns the dangerous #Houthi missile attacks aimed at several cities in #Saudi Arabia Sunday night. Our condolences go out to the families of any who were killed or injured”. @Joyce_Karam tweeted ‘’US Statement on #Yemen Houthis’ attack: #Saudi has right to defend its border against these threats, continue to call to return to negotiations to end war’’

In the face of this recent provocations, one thing is certain: the perpetrators of this dastardly act must not go unpunished. Saudi Arabia will be justified in whatever step it takes next in bringing justice to the victims of this attack.

Now, the final nail in the Houthi coffin event is being implemented and is called the battle of Hudaydah.

This strategic port is the main source of weapons for the Houthis as well as a disgusting way for them to blackmail the Yemeni people in exchange for food and supplies. Liberating this port will virtually end most humanitarian crises in Yemen. This operation is long overdue as a result of a massive propaganda campaign by Qatar and Iran to distort information and spread disinformation across the international community.

Now, these latest events taking place on a very fast pace which has taken these conspirators by surprise has finally exposed them completely and will prove once and for all who the true friends of Yemen really are.

I conclude this article by saying peace would have returned to Yemen a long time ago if the international community had not allowed the Iranian controlled Houthi terrorists to wreak havoc in this country. But also, if not for Saudi Arabia’s unwavering commitment to helping its neighbors, the Yemeni victim count would have been one million, like in Syria, instead of just ten thousand who were intentionally targeted by the Houthi Terrorists. I did not even mention the Issues of Child Soldiers and random land minds on civilian territories that surpass those of World War one and two combined.

 

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About the author

Anita Gooding

Anita Gooding

My name is Anita, and I'm a UC Berkeley alumna and currently based in Minnesota but from the United Kingdom.
I have been actively involved in political reportage since the days of Bill Clinton in the White House and have always kept tabs on political events in the United Kingdom and the European Union at large. I take special delight in covering the activities of frontline politicians in the US and EU
I joined the Herald Reporter’s team of correspondents in October 2017 out of my passion for journalism to cover US and EU evolving and trending political news.

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