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Guest Opinion Articles Human Rights Activism

The Genocide of the Kurds in Iran is one of the most Significant Underreported Human disasters Worldwide

The Kurds who have been divided between Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Syria were and are the main victims of Genocide all around the world. What you are reading now is a very short part of the Genocide of the Kurds, a nation without land, without a government, without international rights – a nation that is now fighting for democracy, for liberty.

The Halabja chemical attack was a massacre and genocide against the Kurdish people by Saddam Hussein in 1988. The attack took place during the closing days of the Iran-Iraq War in the Kurdish city of Halabja in southern Kurdistan just 48 hours after the town fell to the Iranian army. It killed 5,000 people and injured 7,000 to 10,000, most of them civilians. The Halabja attack is the largest chemical weapons attack directed against a civilian-populated area in history.

Also Al-Anfal Genocide, a campaign by Saddam Hussein that killed 182,000 Kurds in Iraq Kurdistan between 1986-89.

And these Genocides continue in Iran. In Gharna, Ghalatan, Serchinar, Pawe, Sanandaj, Mariwan, Indirqash, Oshnavieh and other cities, more than 20,000 Kurdish men, women and children were killed by the Iranian regime. Here, we will talk a little bit about some of these Genocides in the Kurdish territories occupied by Iran.

Gharna. September 2, 1979

One of the most painful human tragedies of the Kurdistan Wars with Iran was the massacre of innocent people in the village of Gharna. The background of this tragedy dates back to the clashes between the Kurdish Peshmarga and the forces who were called ‘Javanmardan’ under the command of Mullah Hassani.

On September 2, 1979, around 1:00 pm, the forces under the command of Mullah Hassani launched an assault on the village of Gharna using tanks and canons. As an act of revenge against those killed in the earlier clash, the forces massacred the village people. Based on the names and statistics available, 64 citizens were viciously murdered.

Notice the laughing Mullah Iranian Terrorist

Ghalatan. 02. sep.1979

Mullah Saleh Rahimi, while pointing out the tragic incident in the village of Ghrana in which some armed and irresponsible individuals killed some of the village residents as an act of Qesas for the martyrs of Doab cervix said, “Innocent people who were martyred in the village of Gharna were all faithful to the Islamic Revolution.”

A woman who has lost her 15 and 18-year-old children in the massacre says, “They showed mercy to nobody. We have never heard of such atrocities anywhere. Those who are alive were either away from their homes and the village or found a way to hide themselves.

Following the regime’s massacre of “Gharna” and “Ghalatan” villages in Kurdistan, harassment of women over the compulsory Islamic dress code was exacerbated.

On 28 Aug 1980, Revolutionary Guards attacked the village of “Ghalatan” in the suburbs of “Naghadeh” city; This brutal attack resulted in the death of 13 civilians.

On the 4th of November 1980, “Basij” forces under the commandership of Maboudi attacked the villages of “Inder Ghash” and ” Yousef Kand” located 10 kilometers away from Mahabad. The invaders massacred 35 civilians in a matter of few hours.

On 8 Nov 1980, only 4 days after the massacre of civilians in “Inder Ghash” and ” Yousef Kand”, revolutionary Guards, under the commandership of “Mullah Hassan” and “Maboudi” raided in “Soufian” village in the suburbs of “Oushnavieh” city and murdered 12 people. The age of 7 of the victims were over 50. During the attack, 20 people were also wounded.

The policy of mass slaughter of defenseless Kurds continued and 40 people were massacred in the villages of “Dilancherakh”, “Halbi”,”Koykan”, “Raizi Shakakan” and “Youneslian”.

On 25 March 1983 in the villages of “Cheghel Mostafa” , “Khalifelina” and “Gourkhaneh” in the suburbs of “Naghadeh” city, 21 people were massacred.

On 23 March 1983 in the villages of “Halghoush” and “Gijeh”, in the region of “Soma”, situated in the suburbs of “Oroumia” city 13 people were murdered.

Sardasht. June 28, 1987

Sardasht. June 28, 1987

In Sardasht, West Azerbaijan (June 28, 1987), Iraq dropped what Iranian authorities believed to be mustard gas in two separate bombing runs on four residential areas.

 In mid-August 1979, Khomeini, the new religious leader of Iran, in his statement, declared a jihad (holy struggle) and a fatwa (religious edict) against the Iranian Kurds and key Kurdish nationalist figures were declared “enemies of the state”, like Ghassemlou, Then the government then began a three-week campaign to clear out Kurdish strongholds, mainly Saqqez and Mahabad. On August 20, 1979.

Some Kurdish well-respected leaders such as Ghazi Mohammad, who headed the Republic of Kurdistan in Mahabad were murdered. An Iranian military court sentenced Ghazi and two of his associates to death by hanging in Chwarchira Square, in the center of the city of Mahabad, on March 31, 1947.  Dr.Abdulrahman Ghasemlou, has also been killed by the Iranian Regime.

Today we have a huge number of executions, arrests, very long prison sentences, and false terror accusations but the Kurds vow to continue their struggle to make their dreams of freedom a reality. They fight for independence and human rights like other free nations, and no one can stop them.

Note: This report was presented in 37th UN’s session about Human Right in Geneva.

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About the author

Helmet Maroufi

Helmet Maroufi

Helmet Maroufi is the manager of the Kurdistan Human Right Organization- Rojhelat and Journalist in Roji Kurd center.
Switzerland HQ

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