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Saudi Diplomocy in the Horn of Africa Just brought Peace Between-Eritrea & Djibouti

Twenty years of border conflicts between Ethiopia and Eritrea has finally been laid to rest thanks to the efforts of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The leaders of two countries signed a peace agreement between them under the patronage of the KSA during a summit held in the Kingdom on Sunday.

The decades of unrest were rooted out once the Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed signed the deal. The terms of the deal are still unclear, however, as Ethiopia termed the signing as a 7-point deal whereas Eritrea said no such thing about the matter.

KSA’s role has been exemplary in solving the critical row between the neighbouring African nations and the intermediary role played by the country is being lauded all over, especially over the social media. The deal signed in Jeddah is aimed at bolstering the wider peace of the region while the two nations have agreed to a truce, meaning that the border would remain safe of any enmity.

KSA’s Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir also appreciated the signing, saying:

“The peace agreement between Ethiopia and Eritrea signed today in Jeddah is a historic event that will contribute to strengthening security and stability in the region”.

The signing took place in the presence of His Majesty King Salman, Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Salman and United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres. The border conflict started back in 1998 following the two-year long border conflict. The relations between the countries are now on a rise as embassies, air links, trade routes as well as border crossings have been re-opened after 20 long years.

The peace agreement bodes well not just for the two parties involved but for the peace and stability of the greater region. Despite gaining independence from Ethiopia in the early 1990s, Eritrea has had a fair share of border tussle with the neighbours as Ethiopia refused to accept the independence of Eritrea. However, UN interrupted and decided on a border demarcation pact in 2002 aiming to reach an agreement by both the parties, which was also rejected by Ethiopia.

The peace signing has been lauded by UN as Guterres sai:d “there is a wind of hope blowing in the Horn of Africa”.

Djibouti also does not enjoy good relations with Eritrea, therefore, the Kingdom and the UN plan to end the rift once and for all. Talks will be held between the leaders of the two countries in KSA in a bid to get the two parties to sign a peace deal.

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